Frederick (Emperor) II
Holy Roman Emperor, born in Jesi, near Ancona, EC Italy, the grandson of Frederick I. He succeeded Henry VI in 1220, and was the last emperor of the Hohenstaufen line. He was also King of Sicily (1198) and of Germany (1212). He keenly desired to consolidate imperial power in Italy at the expense of the papacy, and devoted himself to organizing his Italian territories, but his plans were frustrated by the Lombard cities and by the popes. Embarking on the Sixth Crusade in 1228, he took possession of Jerusalem, and crowned himself king there (1229). Returning to Italy, he continued his struggles with the papacy until his death.