Franks - The earliest records of the Franks, Language, The Frankish Empire, Carolingian legacy
Germanic peoples, originally from the lower Rhine region. Clovis led the Salian and Ripuarian Franks and founded a kingdom embracing much of Gaul; Charlemagne, their greatest ruler, attempted to revive the Roman Empire in the West. They gave their name to Francia, which by the 13th-c stood for what is now France, but earlier had diverse territorial connotations, reflecting the vicissitudes of Frankish royal power.
- Frans Andriessen
- Franklin Pierce - Early life, Political career, Election of 1852, Presidency 1853-1857, Later life, Legacy