Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 27

Freetown - History, Travel, Features

capital founded africa sierra

8°30N 13°17W, pop (2000e) 722 000. Seaport capital of Sierra Leone; visited by the Portuguese, 15th-c; founded in the 1790s as a foundation for freed slaves; capital of British West Africa, 1808–74; W Africa's oldest university, Fourah Bay, founded as a college in 1827; capital of Sierra Leone, 1961; airport; oil refining, plastics, sugar, cement, footwear, soap, fish processing; trade in platinum, diamonds, gold, chromite, palm kernels, ginger, kola nuts; fort at Bunce I.

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