Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 27

Frederick Law Olmsted - Academic campuses designed by Olmsted and sons, Other notable Olmsted commissions

travelled landscape

Landscape architect and writer, born in Hartford, Connecticut, USA. The father of landscape architecture in America (he coined the term), he attended lectures at Yale and studied engineering, then took a year-long voyage to China (1843). He returned to start an experimental farm on Staten Island (1847–57), influenced by the views of his friend, Andrew J Downing. In 1850 he travelled to England, where he was impressed by Birkenhead Park, just completed in Liverpool. Commissioned by the New York Times, he travelled through the American South, and his Cotton Kingdom (2 vols, 1861) was a classic work on plantation life.

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