Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 23

Emily Greene Balch

wellesley peace social college

Pacifist, social reformer, and economist, born in Jamaica Plain (now in Boston), Massachusetts, USA. She studied at Bryn Mawr College, then taught sociology and economics at Wellesley College (1896–1918). She took an active role in labour disputes and other social issues, and in 1910 published Our Slavic Fellow Citizens, a pioneering work in its sympathetic view of immigrants. As the impact of World War 1 spread, she joined others in trying to mediate an end, and was dismissed from Wellesley because of her support for dissidents. She then turned some of her time and enthusiam to embracing Quakerism. A founder of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (1919), she devoted the remainder of her life to its cause. She shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1946.

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