Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 23

Emil Kraepelin

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Psychiatrist, born in Neustrelitz, NE Germany. He studied at W├╝rzburg, and did further study under Wundt, whose techniques he later used for research on the effects of alcohol. Professor at Dorpat, Heidelberg, and Munich, he was a pioneer in the psychological study of serious mental diseases (psychoses), which he divided into two groups, manic-depressive and dementia praecox. He compiled a classification of disorders Compendium der Psychiatrie (1883, Compendium of Psychiatry), which he continued to revise throughout his life, and which was very influential at the beginning of the 20th-c.

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