Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 23

Ella (Reeve) Bloor

party labour pennsylvania married

Radical, labour organizer, and feminist, born in Staten Island, New York, USA. Married in 1881, she raised a large family while becoming a women's rights activist. After her divorce (1896), she studied at the University of Pennsylvania, remarried, and became increasingly devoted to labour and left-wing causes, joining the Socialist Party in 1902. She adopted the pen name Mrs Richard Bloor (1906) while doing investigative reporting for Upton Sinclair. After the Russian Revolution she helped found the American Communist Party and became a long-serving member of its Central Committee (1932–48). While electioneering for party candidates in the Dakotas she married her third husband (1932), then travelled in the Midwest organizing farmers and leading farmers' strikes. She lectured widely and wrote several books, including Women in the Soviet Union (1938), and an autobiography, We Are Many (1940). In 1938 she ran unsuccessfully for governor of Pennsylvania.

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