Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 23

Elizabeth Macarthur - Marriage to John Macarthur, Role in founding Australian wool industry, Legacy


Australian pioneer, born in Bridgerule, Devon, SW England, UK. She married John Macarthur in 1788 and emigrated to New South Wales. During her husband's prolonged absences, she introduced the merino sheep to the area (1797), and experimented in the breeding of sheep for fine wool which led to the establishment of the Australian wool industry.

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