Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 23

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson

women mayor medical woman

Physician, the first English woman doctor, born in London, UK. In 1860 she began studying medicine, in the face of opposition to the admission of women, and eventually (1865) qualified as a medical practitioner by passing the Apothecaries' Hall examination. In 1866 she established a dispensary for women in London (later renamed the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital), where she instituted medical courses for women. In 1870 she was given the degree of MD by the University of Paris. She married J G S Anderson in 1871, and in 1908 she was elected Mayor of Aldeburgh, the first woman mayor in England. Her daughter Louisa Anderson (1878–1943) organized hospitals in France in World War 1, and wrote her mother's biography.

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