Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 23

Eliza Haywood - Biography, Fiction, Acting and drama, Periodicals and Non Fiction, Political Writings, Translations, Critical Reception

history names novels

Novelist, born in London, UK. She left her middle-aged clergyman husband, became an actress, and wrote a number of scandalous society novels about real people, their names thinly disguised by the use of initials. (The British Museum has the key to their full names.) They include Memoirs of a Certain Island Adjacent to Utopia (1725) and The Secret History of the Present Intrigues of the Court of Caramania (1727). Pope denounced her in his poem The Dunciad. Her periodical, The Female Spectator (1744–6), was the first to be written by a woman. It was followed by The Parrot (1747) and two lively novels, The History of Betsy Thoughtless (1751) and The History of Jeremy and Jenny Jessamy (1753).

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