Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 23

Elihu Burritt

england britain blacksmith founded

Blacksmith and reformer, born in New Britain, Connecticut, USA. After working as a blacksmith in New Britain, CT, and Worcester, MA (1827–37), and mastering several languages in his spare time, he toured as a lyceum lecturer, gaining his nickname. In Worcester he founded a newspaper, the Christian Citizen (1844), especially to propagate his views on Christian pacifism, and he travelled to England (1846) as an ‘apostle of peace’. In 1858 he founded a journal devoted to the cause of buying and emancipating slaves. Despite his opposition to the Civil War, President Lincoln appointed him consular agent at Birmingham, England (1863–70).

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