Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 23

Elias Hicks - Early life, Ministry, Hicks' Reported Views, Disputes Among Friends, Later life

quakers preacher

Liberal Quaker preacher and abolitionist, born in Hempstead, Long Island, New York, USA. A carpenter by trade, he became a preacher in the American Society of Friends (Quakers) in 1775, and worked for the abolition of slavery. Because of his successful opposition to the adoption of a set creed in 1817, he was held responsible for the subsequent split of the Quakers into Orthodox and Hicksite Friends (1827–8), which continued into the 20th-c.

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