Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 23

Elias Ashmole - Solicitor and royalist, Freemason, Marriage, Alchemy and the Tradescant Collection, Restoration, Ashmolean Museum


Antiquary, born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, C England, UK. He qualified as a lawyer in 1638 and subsequently combined work for the royalist cause with the study of mathematics, natural philosophy, astronomy, astrology, and alchemy, entering Brasenose College, Oxford. In 1652 he issued his Theatrum chymicum, and in 1672 his major work, a History of the Order of the Garter. In 1677 he presented to the University of Oxford a fine collection of rarities, thus founding the Ashmolean Museum (built in 1682).

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