Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

shogun - Shogunate

military emperor system

A Japanese general, the head of a system of government which dates from 1192, when a military leader received the title seii-tai-shogun (‘Barbarian Quelling Generalissimo’) from the Emperor. Most important were the Kamakura shogunate (1192–1333) and the Tokugawa shogunate (1603–1868), who ruled as military dictators, the emperor remaining a figurehead, without power. In principle, the shoguns' rule strictly regulated and controlled life down to the smallest detail. The system ended in 1868.

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