Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

shock therapy - History, Forms of shock therapy, Mechanisms of action

term

A term sometimes used as a synonym for electroconvulsive therapy, but also for electrosleep, in which a weak rhythmically-repeated pulse of unidirectional electric current is applied to the brain for the treatment of anxiety, insomnia, and a variety of other medical conditions with a psychological component (eg bronchial asthma and duodenal ulceration). Because the term is ambiguous, psychiatrists often recommend its avoidance.

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