Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

Shivaji - The political scene before Shivaji, Family Background, Early life, Foundation of empire

Founder of the Maratha Empire in W India, born at Shivner, Pune (Poona). He campaigned against the Mughals, and was enthroned as an independent ruler in 1674. Renowned as a military leader, social reformer, and advocate of religious tolerance, his last years were made difficult by internal problems and pressure from outside enemies.

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