Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

Shirin Ebadi - Life and early career, Ebadi as a lawyer, Nobel Peace Prize, After the Nobel prize, Publications

women iran rights human

Lawyer and human-rights activist, born in Hamadan, Iran. She studied at Tehran University, and became the first female judge in Iran, serving as president of the Tehran City Court from 1975. Forced to resign in 1979 with the advent of the Islamic republic, when it was decided that women were unsuitable for such posts, she went on to set up her own law practice, taking on politically sensitive cases. Her campaigns for greater rights for Iranian women and children, and for the reform of family laws in Iran through changes in divorce and inheritance legislation, have made her a key figure in the reformist movement. As such she frequently clashes with the authorities and has had brief spells in jail. She was awarded the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts for democracy and human rights. In 2006 she teamed up with other women laureates to launch a campaign to promote a peaceful solution to US–Iran tensions. Members of the Women Nobel Peace Laureates' Initiative include Jody Williams (US), Betty Williams (Ireland), and Wangari Maathai (Kenya).

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or