Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

Shenyang - Districts and zones, History, The Shenyang Incident, Underground, Ethnic Groups, Tourism, Transportation, Sports, Education System

tomb capital manchu china

41°50N 123°26E, pop (2000e) 5 206 000, administrative region 5 827 089. Capital of Liaoning province, NE China; largest industrial city in NE China; trading centre for nomads, 11th-c; capital of Manchu, later Qing dynasty, 1625–44; invasion by Japanese (1931), leading to the establishment of Manchukuo; occupied by Nationalists, 1945; taken by Communists, 1948; renamed, 1949; railway; airfield; university; electrical equipment, engineering, chemicals, textiles, food processing; Imperial Palace (1625–36), Dongling (tomb of Nurhachi, founder of Manchu state), Beiling (tomb of Nurhachi's son and heir, Abukai).

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