Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

Sheffield (UK) - Geography, History, Economy and industry, Government and politics, Sport, Culture and attractions, Transport, References and notes

town cutlery university city

53°23N 1°30W, urban area pop (2001e) 513 200. City in South Yorkshire, N England, UK; on the R Don; separated from Manchester to the W by the High Peak of Derbyshire; developed as a cutlery-manufacturing town in the early 18th-c and as a steel town in the 19th-c; city status in 1893; major rebuilding after World War 2 bombing; university (1905); Sheffield Hallam University (1992, formerly Sheffield Polytechnic); railway; steels, engineering, tool-making, cutlery, silverware, glass, optical instruments; cathedral (12th-c); Mappin Art Gallery; Crucible Theatre; Abbeydale industrial hamlet; Cutlers' Hall (1832); football league teams, Sheffield United (Blades), Sheffield Wednesday (Owls).

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