Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

Shammai

school famous hillel

Jewish scholar and Pharisaic leader, apparently a native of Jerusalem. He was the head of a famous school of Torah scholars, whose interpretation of the Law was often in conflict with the equally famous school led by Hillel. Relatively little is known of Shammai himself, except that his legal judgments were often considered severe and literalistic, compared to Hillel's. Both are often referred to in Mishnah.

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