Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

Shah Jahan - Birth, Ascencion, Rule, Legacy, Notable structures associated with Shah Jahan


Mughal emperor of India (1628–58), born in Lahore, NE Pakistan. His reign saw two wars in the Deccan (1636, 1655), the subjugation of Bijapur and Golconda (1636), and attacks on the Uzbegs and Persians. A ruthless but able ruler, the magnificence of his court was unequalled. His buildings included the Taj Mahal (1632–54), the tomb of his beloved third wife, Mumtaz Mahal (1592–1631). From 1658 he was held prisoner by his son Aurangzeb.

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