Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

Sergey (Pavlovich) Korolyov - Early life, Education, Early career, Gulag, Ballistic missiles, Space program, Death, Awards and honors, Bibliography

soviet moscow spacecraft rocket

Aircraft engineer and rocket designer, born in Zhitomir, WC Ukraine. Educated at Moscow Higher Technical School, in 1931 he formed the Moscow Group for Investigating Jet Propulsion, which launched the Soviet Union's first liquid-propelled rocket in 1933. By 1949 he was engaged in high-altitude-sounding flights employing rockets. As chief designer of Soviet spacecraft, he directed the Soviet Union's space programme, launching the first artificial satellite (1957), the first manned space flight (1961), the Vostok and Voskhod manned spacecraft, and the Cosmos series of satellites.

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