Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

separatism - Political and administrative separatism, Other Historical separatist movements, Ethnic/racial separatism, Religious separatism

The demand by a particular group or area for separation from the territorial and political sovereignty of the state of which they are a part. Examples of separatist movements are the Basques in Spain and the Tamils in Sri Lanka. Separatism is associated with claims for the right to self-determination, and is often connected with discrimination against minorities.

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