Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

Senate (USA) - Overview, Senates around the world, Defunct senates

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One of the two houses of the US Congress, consisting of two senators from each State (100 in all), chosen by the people to serve for six years; a third are chosen every two years. It has powers of ¬Ďadvice and consent¬í on presidential treaties and appointments. Much of its work is done through committees rather than on the floor. It is presided over by the US vice-president, who can cast the deciding vote if there is a tie.

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