Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

Senate (USA) - Overview, Senates around the world, Defunct senates


One of the two houses of the US Congress, consisting of two senators from each State (100 in all), chosen by the people to serve for six years; a third are chosen every two years. It has powers of ¬Ďadvice and consent¬í on presidential treaties and appointments. Much of its work is done through committees rather than on the floor. It is presided over by the US vice-president, who can cast the deciding vote if there is a tie.

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