Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67

Semiramis - Biography according to Diodorus Siculus, Semiramis in Armenian legend, In later traditions


Semi-legendary Queen of Assyria, the daughter of the goddess Derceto, and wife of Ninus, with whom she is supposed to have founded Babylon. The historical germ of the story seems to be the three years' regency of Sammu-ramat (811–808 BC), widow of Shamshi-Adad V, but the details are legendary, derived from Ctesias and the Greek historians, with elements of the Astarte myth.

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