Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 67



The cultural, political, organizational, and typically geographical separation of one group of people from another. It is often based on perceived ethnic or racial divisions, an extreme example being apartheid (literally ‘separateness’) in S Africa, where physical segregation between whites and blacks was most apparent (eg in public transport, washrooms, housing, sport). It also characterized the period of black slavery in the USA, generally being associated with the exploitation of poorer ethnic groups by a politically dominant elite.

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