Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

neorealism - Theory, Notable neorealists

film professional war world

A style of film-making which arose in Italy soon after World War 2, emphasizing themes of social reality even in fictional stories, rather than the escapism of artificial middle-class drama. It used actual settings and non-professional artists, at least in minor roles. An example of the techniques of neorealism is Roberto Rossellini's Roma, Citta Aperta (1945, Rome, Open City), in which he used non-professional actors, a low-quality ‘grainy’ standard of film, and minimal technical standards. Italian neorealism has influenced directors as diverse as Satyajit Ray, John Ford, Jean Renoir, and the Japanese film director Mizoguchi Kenji (1898–1956) in his World War 2 film, Ugetsu Monogatari (1955, Tales of Moonlight and Rain).

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