Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53


A philosophical movement in Germany between c.1870 and 1920, concerned to revive a Kantian approach to epistemology, and opposed to the speculative metaphysics of Hegel on the grounds that this was inadequate to account for mathematical and scientific knowledge. Leading figures in this rather diverse trend were Helmholtz (1821–94), Lange (1828–75), Rickert (1863–1936), Windleband (1848–1915), Natorp (1854–1924), and Cassirer.

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