Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

Neil (Alden) Armstrong - Biography, Armstrong in popular culture

university moon engineering medal

Astronaut, born in Wapakoneta, Ohio, USA. He studied aeronautical engineering at Purdue University and the University of Southern California, then became a fighter pilot in Korea and later a civilian test pilot. In 1962 he was chosen as an astronaut and commanded Gemini 8 in 1966. In 1969 with Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins he set out in Apollo 11 on a successful Moon-landing expedition. On 20 July 1969 Armstrong and Aldrin became, in that order, the first men to set foot on the Moon. He later joined the faculty at Cincinnati University (1971–9) as professor of aerospace engineering. Among his many honours are the Presidential Medal of Freedom (1969) and the Congressional Space Medal of Honor (1978). He published First on the Moon in 1970.

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