Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53



Old Testament prophet. He was cupbearer to Artaxerxes Longimanus, who in 444 BC gave him full powers to act as Governor of Judaea. He had the walls of Jerusalem rebuilt, and repopulated the city by drafts from the surrounding districts. In 432 he revisited Jerusalem, and carried out reforms which came to be among the most characteristic features of post-exilic Judaism. The canonical book of Nehemiah originally formed the closing chapters of the undivided work, Chronicles–Ezra–Nehemiah.

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