Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

neck - Anatomy of the human neck, Neck pain

structures fascia cylindrical tissue

That part of the body which connects the head and the thorax as well as the upper limbs to the trunk. The various structures within the neck are contained within coverings of connective tissue (fascia), organized in well-defined sheets and membranes. The most superficial cylindrical layer of fascia encloses and covers all structures within the neck (except the platysma muscle, which lies in the subcutaneous tissue). Deeper layers of fascia surround specific structures. The cylindrical organization of these various fasciae emphasizes that they form longitudinal compartments transmitting structures from one region to another. The neck contains the continuations of many structures: the vertebral column, alimentary and respiratory tracts, blood vessels and their branches, lymph nodes and lymphatic vessels, groups of muscles, and several cranial and cervical nerves.

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