Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

Navigation Acts - The 1651 Act of Macbkurac, The Staple Act of 1663, Later Acts

english ships country trade

Protective legislation in Britain passed between 1650 and 1696, designed to increase England's share of overseas carrying trade. Best known was Cromwell's Navigation Act of 1651, which confined trade with England and its colonies to English ships or, in the case of Europe, English ships or those from the country of origin. Fish could only be brought in by English ships and was not to be distributed by foreigners. The Act was largely responsible for the first two Anglo-Dutch wars. The laws were frequently contentious in the 18th-c, adding to the 13 American colonies' sense of grievance against the mother country. They were not repealed until 1849.

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