Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

natural justice - Notes and references

judicial principles courts rules

A legal concept, originally developed by the courts of equity, incorporating broad rules or principles aimed at ensuring that judicial and quasi-judicial proceedings are governed by fairness. It includes two main principles: everyone should have a right to be heard in his or her own case; and judges should be unbiased in hearing a case and without personal interest. These rules apply not only to those accused before courts, but also to those persons subject to the decisions of bodies acting judicially or exercising an administrative power affecting a person's status, rights, or obligations. Any such decision which contravenes natural justice is void. An interested party alleging lack of natural justice may seek a judicial review.

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