Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

natural childbirth - Alternatives to anesthetics, Psychological benefits, Preparation


Successful labour entirely without or with minimal use of drugs or outside assistance. It is helped by exercises to strengthen the abdominal muscles and encourage relaxation of the pelvic muscles, which are undertaken throughout pregnancy. It is facilitated by a full awareness of the nature of childbirth, developing psychological attitudes which reduce anxiety and fear, and increase pain tolerance. It is safest in the absence of physical disorders of the mother or fetus.

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