Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

National Health Service (NHS) - History, NHS Policies and programmes, Structure, Criticism, Wikipedia project, Further reading

care time hospital primary

A system of health care established in the UK in 1948. World War 2 revealed the need for reform of the health and hospital services which had served up to that time. The new service was to be, and largely remains, a free service available to the whole population, without income limit, and funded out of general taxation. Existing municipal and voluntary hospitals were nationalized and came under the control of regional Health Boards (subsequently called Area Health Committees). Hospital consultants and specialists were salaried (full-time and part-time). General practitioners (GPs) remained self-employed, and received capitation fees based on the number of individuals who registered with them as patients. GPs are now organized into Primary Care Groups that serve defined geographical populations of around 100 000 people. They provide primary and community care for their patients, and purchase specialist care from hospital services. The NHS is supported by nurses, technical and scientific staff, and ancillary workers, and is the largest single employer of labour in the UK.

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or