Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

national curriculum - Principal Aims, Compulsory Subjects, Key Stages

welsh wales schools introduced

A curriculum for all the schools in a country, usually devised by the central authority in the capital city. Some countries (eg France) have had one for many years; some (eg the USA) do not have one at all. England and Wales introduced one in 1988, consisting of three ‘core’ subjects (English, maths, science), and seven ‘foundation’ subjects (art, geography, history, music, physical education, technology, and, in secondary schools only, a modern language). Variation in practices may need to be introduced, to take account of different situations. In Wales, for example, Welsh is a core subject in Welsh-speaking areas and a foundation subject in non-Welsh speaking areas.

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