Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

Nathan F(arragut) Twining

air force command pacific

Aviator, born in Monroe, Wisconsin, USA. He trained at West Point and served eight years in the infantry before transferring to the air service. In World War 2, he took command of the newly-formed 13th Air Force in the Southwest Pacific (1942), and in 1944 went to the Mediterranean as commander of the 15th Air Force, which carried out the famous Ploesti oilfield raids under his direction. He returned to the Pacific in August 1945 to command the 20th Air Force in the final phase of the air offensive against Japan. He ended a long service career as chairman of the joint chiefs-of-staff (1957–60).

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