Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) - History, NASA spaceflight missions, List of NASA administrators, Field installations, Aircraft, Awards and decorations, Related legislation

center research flight launch

An independent agency of the US Government responsible for the civil space programme. It was established in 1958 by President Eisenhower based on the old National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). Its headquarters is in Washington DC, where programme plans originate. Individual projects are implemented at different field centres: Ames Research Center (Mountain View, CA) for astrobiology and information systems; Dryden Flight Research Center (Edwards, CA) for aeronautic flight research; Goddard Space Flight Center (Greenbelt, MD) for astronomy and Earth sciences; Jet Propulsion Laboratory (Pasadena, CA) for Solar System exploration; Johnson Space Center (Houston, TX) for manned missions; Kennedy Space Center (Cape Canaveral, FL) for launch operations; Langley Research Center (Norfolk, VA) for aeronautics; Glenn (formerly Lewis) Research Center (Cleveland, OH) for space technologies; and Marshall Space Flight Center (Huntsville, AL) for launch vehicles and space science.

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