Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

Nara

japan temple wooden capital

34°41N 135°49E, pop (2000e) 359 000. Capital of Nara prefecture, S Honshu, Japan, 29 km/18 mi E of Osaka; first urban capital of Japan, 710; cultural and religious centre; centre of Japanese Buddhism; railway; women's university (1908); textiles, dolls, fans; Todaiji (East Great Temple, founded 743), housing massive bronze statue of Buddha (22 m/72 ft tall) in world's largest wooden building, and Nara national museum (the Shosoin); Toshodaishi Temple (8th-c); Horyuji (6th-c) nearby, oldest temple complex in Japan, and world's oldest wooden buildings.

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