Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

Nanjing - Geography and climate, History, Government and administrative division, Demographics, Transportation, Culture and art, Media, Tourism

museum capital yangtze port

32°03N 118°47E, pop (2000e) 2 987 000, administrative region 5 540 000. Capital of Jiangsu province, SE China, on the Yangtze R; founded, 900 BC; capital of China 220–589, 907–79, 1356–68 (renamed Nanjing, or ‘southern capital’), 1928–49; centre of Taiping Rebellion (1850–64); river port and trade centre; open port after the Opium War (1842), which concluded with the Treaty of Nanjing; airfield; railway; university (1902); coal, metallurgy, petroleum refining, engineering, shipbuilding; major Yangtze bridge; many historical sites and relics; Nanjing museum, Sun Yatsen Mausoleum, Ming Xiaoling (Ming Emperors' Tombs), Zijin Mountain astronomical observatory and museum, Yuhuatai Park.

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