Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 53

Nagorno-Karabakh - Politics, Divisions, Geography, History, Current situation

azerbaijan region ranges leading

area 11 400 km²/4400 sq mi. Autonomous region in Azerbaijan, established in 1923 after the reversal (on Stalin's instigation) of a decision taken in 1921 by the Bureau of Caucasian Affairs to unite the region with Armenia; administrative centre, Stepanakert; in Karabakhsky and Murovdag ranges of the Caucasus; climate ranges from ?10°C in winter to 25°C in summer; majority of population Armenian, leading to claims by Armenia for its incorporation into that republic; opposed by Azerbaijan and former Soviet Union, leading to military conflict from 1988 onwards; ceasefire agreement signed, 1994; mineral springs, agriculture, horticulture, livestock, marble, minerals, sericulture, vineyards.

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