Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 49

Matthew Murray - Early years, Fenton, Murray and Wood, Steam locomotives, Death

improvements engine tyne machinery

Inventor and mechanical engineer, born near Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, NE England, UK. Apprenticed to a blacksmith, he moved to Leeds as a qualified mechanic in 1788. He devised and patented several improvements in flax spinning machinery before establishing his own engineering works in 1795, where he manufactured textile machinery and also steam engines of his own design. When Watt's master patent for the separate condenser steam engine expired in 1800, he was one of the first to make significant improvements to the steam engine, his designs being smaller, lighter, more efficient, and easier to assemble.

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