Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 49

Mato Grosso - Geography, History

capital cará pop 

pop (2000e) 2 330 000; area 881 000 km²/340 000 sq mi. State in Centro-Oeste region, CW Brazil, bordered SW by Bolivia; capital, Cuiabá; food processing; cattle, coffee, cotton, timber, rubber, metallurgy; drained by tributaries of the Amazon (N), Paraguai (S), and Araguaia (E); half the area under forest; 611 km²/236 sq mi Cará-Cará biological reserve in the SW (1971); Pantanal conservation area in the SW is a world heritage site; Xingu National Park in the NE; states of Mato Grosso (N) and Mato Grosso do Sul (S), pop (2000e) 1 905 000, capital Campo Grande, separated in 1977; the name also given to the whole plateau area in the S (the Planalto de Mato Grosso), which extends beyond the state.

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