Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 49

Masada - Geography, History, The site today

jewish roman

A Roman hilltop fortress established 37–31 BC by the Palestinian ruler Herod in barren mountains W of the Dead Sea; within Israel since 1947. Seized by zealots during the First Jewish Revolt in AD 66–70, it was taken by the Roman army in 73 after a lengthy siege which culminated in the mass suicide of all 400 defenders. As a political symbol of Jewish solidarity and resistance down the ages, it remains unparalleled.

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