Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 49

Mark McGwire - Early career, Oakland A's career, St. Louis Cardinals and HR record chase, Controversy

homers home usa baseball

Baseball player, born in Pomona, California, USA. A power-hitting first baseman, whose home-run race with Sammy Sosa during the 1998 baseball season transfixed the USA, his final total of 70 homers passed the previous seasonal record of 61 set by Roger Maris in 1961, and was overtaken in 2001 by Barry Bonds with 73 home-runs. McGwire was the most consistent hitter of homers since Babe Ruth. He was voted American League Rookie of the Year in 1987, after hitting 49 homers, the most ever by a rookie, for Oakland Athletics. In 1997 he was traded to the St Louis Cardinals, with whom he had his record season. He announced his retirement in 2001.

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