Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 5

Andrew Melville - Early life and early education, Travels and study in Europe, Return to Scotland

andrews

Presbyterian religious reformer, born in Baldovie, Angus, E Scotland, UK. He studied at St Andrews and Paris, and in 1568 became professor at Geneva. He was principal of Glasgow University (1574–80), then of St Mary's College, St Andrews. He had an important share in drawing up the controversial Second Book of Discipline. He succeeded John Knox in trying to preserve the independence of the Church from state control, heading in 1606 a deputation to remonstrate with King James I in London; but, having ridiculed the service in the Chapel Royal, he was sent to the Tower. He was released in 1611 to take a professorship in France.

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