Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 45

Leopold Stokowski - Early life, Professional career, Personal life, Bibliography, Notable premieres

symphony conductor including london

Conductor, born in London, UK. After musical studies in London, Paris, and Germany, he went to the USA in 1905, and four years later was named conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony. He left that post (1912) for a long and celebrated tenure as conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra, in which he cultivated a popular but later dated creaminess of sound. He became the great matinee idol of conductors (despite his bold championing of advanced composers including Varèse, Berg, and Schoenberg) and was for a time linked with Greta Garbo. Resigning from Philadelphia (1938), he went on to conduct a number of orchestras, including the NBC Symphony, Hollywood Bowl Symphony, New York Philharmonic, Houston Symphony (1955–62), and American Symphony (1962–73), the latter of which he founded. His popularity is reflected in the fact that he appeared in several films, notably One Hundred Men and a Girl (1937) and Fantasia (1940).

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