Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 45

Leopold (of Belgium) I

england daughter king coburg

First king of Belgium (1831–65), born in Coburg, EC Germany, the son of Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg, and uncle of Queen Victoria. In 1816 he married Charlotte, daughter of the future George IV of England, and lived in England after her death in 1817. He declined the crown of Greece (1830), but in 1831 he was elected King of the Belgians. His second marriage, to Marie Louise of Orléans, daughter of Louis-Philippe, ensured French support for his new kingdom against the Dutch, and he was an influential force in European diplomacy and in domestic reform.

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