Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 45

Leonardo da Vinci - Professional life, Selected works, Science and engineering, Personal life, Johannite heresy

entered architect

Painter, sculptor, architect, and engineer, born in Vinci, NC Italy. About 1470 he entered the studio of Andrea del Verrocchio, and in 1482 settled in Milan, where he painted his ‘Last Supper’ (1498) on the refectory wall of Santa Maria delle Grazie. In 1500 he entered the service of Cesare Borgia in Florence as architect and engineer, and with Michelangelo decorated the Sala del Consiglio in the Palazzo della Signoria with historical compositions. About 1504 he completed his most celebrated easel picture, ‘Mona Lisa’ (Louvre). In 1506 he was employed by Louis XII of France, and in 1516 was given a pension by Francis I. Very few of his paintings have survived. His notebooks contain original remarks on most of the sciences, including biology, physiology, hydrodynamics, and aeronautics.

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