Cambridge Encyclopedia » Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 45

Leonard Wood - Army Chief of Staff, Legacy


US soldier and physician, born in Winchester, New Hampshire, USA. A Harvard medical graduate (1884), he participated in the campaign against Geronimo (1886), served as President McKinley's physician and, with Theodore Roosevelt, organized the first US Volunteer Cavalry, known as the Rough Riders, for action against the Spanish in Cuba (1898). He rose to army chief-of-staff (1910) but was passed over for command of the American Expeditionary Force during World War 1.

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